Wednesday, February 18, 2015

Shiva, Shivratri and origins of Grammar and Computer code!!

 Shiva stotra is the  root formation of the Sanskrit language and ultimately English. Ask a English scholar the logical reasons for the foundations of the alphabet I am sure you will get a blank, or else help me with this problem. No such problem with the foundations of Sanskrit and its grammar. The famous Hindu ancient grammarian PANNI (4th century BCE)codified it as follows.

I have just expanded shiva but all  four parts are as amazing an exposition of the mathematical foundations of Sanskrit.
Pāṇini's grammar consists of four parts:  
 
Shiv is the Hindu god of Grammar as studied by Panini his work has been used in computer code and this is no wonder because sanskrit and math were studied as one and the same, by Hindus. But Christian monks who translated Islamic texts removed their Hindu/Pangan sources for fear persecution by the church. The strangle hold of the Church in education was partly relinquished in 1866 when in order to be awarded an Oxford degree you no longer were required to be a member of the church of England. I digress.

Being a Hindu his work is defined as rediscovered!!!

Comparison with modern formal systems (source wiki)
Pāṇini's grammar is the world's first formal system, developed well before the 19th century innovations of Gottlob Frege and the subsequent development of mathematical logic. In designing his grammar, Pāṇini used the method of "auxiliary symbols", in which new affixes are designated to mark syntactic categories and the control of grammatical derivations. This technique, rediscovered by the logician Emil Post, became a standard method in the design of computer programming languages.[25] Sanskritists now accept that Pāṇini's linguistic apparatus is well-described as an "applied" Post system. Considerable evidence shows ancient mastery of context-sensitive grammars, and a general ability to solve many complex problems. Frits Staal has written that "Panini is the Indian Euclid."
Even today much of so called science is in denial of its Pagan Hindu roots, a hangover from the Christian scholars need to develop "Science" when they found their Bible wanting.

JAyesh

Sunday, February 15, 2015

8 Indian Anti Hindu Intellectuals

1. Angana Chatterji

 Books:
  • Violent Gods: Hindu Nationalism in India’s Present; Narratives from Orissa
  • Land and Justice: The Struggle for Cultural Survival in Orissa
Pronouncements:
  •  In Gujarat, Hindu extremists killed 2,000 people in February-March of 2002. 
  •  Grassroots democracy threatens upper-caste Hindu dominance and contradicts elite aspirations.
  • In Orissa, egregious infringements of human rights are taking place with the disintegration of Adivasi and other non-Hindu cultures through their hostile incorporation into dominant Hinduism.
  • After being nominated Chief Minister of Gujarat in October 2001, Mr. Narendra Modi incorporated the teachings of Hindutva in his governance of Gujarat. .
  • India’s contrived enemy in Kashmir is a plausible one — the Muslim “Other,” 
  • Disenfranchised caste and other groups, Assamese, Nagas, Sikhs, Dalits (erstwhile “untouchable” peoples), and Muslims from Kashmir
(Links 12 & 3)
Career Summary
  •  Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA, “Save the Narmada Movement”).
  • Forum of Indian Leftists (FOIL), , Friends of South Asia (FOSA) 
  • PhD in the Humanities from California Institute of Integral Studies (CIIS).
  • United Nations Bodies, the European Parliament Human Rights Subcommittee, United Kingdom Parliament, and United States Congressional Commissions and Task Forces.
  • Chatterji is the Co-chairman of the Research Project on Armed Conflict and People’s Rights at the Center for Nonprofit and Public Leadership, University of California at Berkeley
  • Chatterji co-founded the International People’s Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice in Indian-administered Kashmir with Parvez Imroz in 2008 and served as Co-Convener from April 2008 to May 2012.
  • Angana Chatterji was suspended from CIIS on 19 July, 2011 and on 25 October the CIIS Academic VP has recommended her termination. This was due to her links with Ghulam Nabi Fai, an ISI mole in the USA.
2. Romila Thapar

Books:
  • Ancient Indian Social History: Some Interpretations, 1978
  • Cultural Pasts: Essays in Early Indian History, 2003; Oxford University Press
  • Cultural Transaction and Early India: Tradition and Patronage
  • Dissent in the Early Indian Tradition
  • Early India: From Origins to AD 1300
Pronouncements:
  • Early India“Some settlements in the north-west and Punjab might have been subjected to raids and skirmishes [by the Aryans], such as are described in the Rig Veda…
  • “I do not see the medieval period as one where the Muslims are the conquerors. 
Career Summary:
  • After graduating from Punjab University, doctorate School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of London in 1958. Professor of Ancient Indian History at the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.visiting professor at Cornell University, the University of Pennsylvania, and the College de France in Paris.
  • General President of the Indian History Congress in 1983 and a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy in 1999. members of t Delhi Urban Heritage Foundation due to her proximity with Najeeb Jung, Lt. Governor of Delhi.
  • believes in the discredited theory of Aryans invading India.
  •  non-existence of a temple in the disputed site of Ayodhya. 
  • Romila Thapar’s named in the factual expose by Arun Shourie in  Eminent Historians: Their technology, their line, their fraud. Exposed by Sita Ram Goel,  Arun Shourie and similar scholars  the fact that she does not know Sanskrit.
3. Father Cedric Prakash

Books : Yes, We Can! Book series. (Books on moral science)
Notable articles: 
  • Let Us Not Be Naive About Naveen Patnaik
  • Can the election on April 16 in the Kandhmals ever be free and fair?
  • Vibrant Gujarat: Lies, Half Truths and Illusions
  • India: Gujarat Government Continues With Communal Agenda
  • Gujarat Carnage: Seven Years On . . . Seven Major Concerns and More
The aforementioned articles are mainly about the Kandhamal violence and the Gujarat government then headed by Narendra Modi.
Pronouncement:
In June 2002, he testified before the US Commission for International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) in Washington. Gujarat riots
Career Summary 
  • Father Cedric Prakash is a Jesuit Priest of the Gujarat.
  • He graduated from St. Xavier’s College in 1972.
  • AICUF (All India Catholic University Federation) in Chennai  World Council of Youth.
  •  Director of PRASHANT, the Ahmedabad-based Jesuit Centre for Human Rights, Justice and Peace 
  •  critic of Narendra Modi,  in collaboration with John Dayal and Teesta Setalvad.
  • associated US-based think tank, Ethics and Public Policy Center (EPPC),activistLocal Capacities for Peace Project at the Harvard University. ­
  • Cedric Prakash was also invited to Luxembourg in 2002 and later, to London for discussions with the European Union and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the British Government.
Prakash has won several awards including:
  • The Kabir Puraskar by the President of India in 1995.
  • The Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Award by the Indian Muslim Council (USA) in June 2003.
  • Chevalier de la Legion Honneur (Knight of the Legion of Honour) by the President of the French Republic in July 2006.
  • Minority Rights Award from the National Minority Commission, Government of India in December 2006
  • The Human Dignity Award from the Diocese of Ahmedabad in February 2010.
4. John Dayal

Notable books:
  • Human Rights: A Close Look.
  • Justice & Peace Commission, All India Christian Council: Gujarat 2002: untold and re-told stories of Hindutva lab.
  • John Dayal : A matter of equity: freedom of faith in secular India.
Pronouncement: 
AT the Policy Institute for Religion and State (PIFRAS) held a South Asia Conference, sponsored by “United Methodist Board of Church and Society and the National Council of Churches of Christ in the USA” John Dayal, as a participant, had contended that “minorities could not count on the Indian state to protect them, or to prosecute crimes committed against them.” 
Career Summary: 
  • Closely associated with the activities of the Sonia Gandhi-led National Advisory Council (NAC), which was instrumental in several nation-wrecking legislations.
  • National Integration Council,a witness to the Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission (TLHRC)’s hearingtitled “Plight of Religious Minorities in India” 
  •  Communal Violence Bill.
  •  supported, sponsored, nurtured and protected by the Congress party.”
5. Vinay Lal:

Books:
  • Empire of Knowledge: Culture and Plurality in the Global Economy
  • The History of History: Politics and Scholarship in Modern India
  • Empire and the Dream-Work of America.
  • Introducing Hinduism
Pronouncement:
Labelled the Ramayana as a sectarian text that spoke of a clash between Shaivites and Vaishnavites because Ravana is a follower of Shiva and Rama is believed to be an avatar of Vishnu. He also dubbed the Puranas as sectarian texts.
Career Summary:
  • He was a Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science at the National Museum of Ethnology (Minpaku).
  •  Presently associate professor of history at UCLA.
  •  Earned his B.A. and M.A., both in 1982, from the Humanities Center at The Johns Hopkins Universityand wrote his Master’s thesis on Emerson and Indian philosophy.
  •  Studied cinema in Australia and India on a Thomas J. Watson Fellowship before commencing his graduate studies at the University of Chicago, where he was awarded a PhD with Distinction from the Department of South Asian Languages and Civilizations in 1992.
  •  Was William Kenan Fellow in the Society of Fellows in the Humanities at Columbia University in 1992–93.
  •  In his blog titled Lal Salam (Red Salute, making no secret of his commitment to Communism), he describes himself thus: His views on American foreign policy and the pax Americana have earned him a place in David Horowitz’s book on the 101 ‘most dangerous’ professors in America today, while his critiques of extreme Hindu nationalism have made him a target of Hindutva venom in the US. These are reliable indicators, to his mind, that he is performing some useful public service, and that academics and scholars must remain vitally engaged in the wider public domain.
6. Martha Nussbaum:

Books:
  • Cultivating Humanity
  • Sex and Social Justice
  • From Disgust to Humanity: Sexual Orientation and Constitutional Law
  • Plato’s ‘Republic': the good society and the deformation of desire
  • The clash within: democracy and the Hindu right
  • The new religious intolerance: overcoming the politics of fear in an anxious age
Pronouncements:
  • In India, the perpetrators of violence are not Muslims (who are usually poor and downtrodden, but not involved in perpetrating violence, except in the special case of Kashmir) but Hindus who sought ideology in Fascist Europe and who model their stance on European anti-Semitism of the 1930s.
  • A Hindu nation is not a benign establishment like the Lutheran Church of Finland.
  • The people who spoke Sanskrit almost certainly migrated into the subcontinent from outside, finding indigenous people there, probably the ancestors of the Dravidian peoples of South India. Hindus are no more indigenous than Muslims (The clash within: democracy and the Hindu right)
  • What has been happening in India is a serious threat to the future of democracy in the world.
Career Summary:
  • current Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago,
  • Committee on Southern Asian Studies, and a board member of the Human Rights Program.
  • philosophy while at Harvard University,
  • Amartya Sen with whom she shared an intimate relationship,
  • She does not have any qualification or training in archeology, Sanskrit, geology, or metallurgy, yet writes with authority about the dating of the Vedas.
7. Vijay Prashad

Books:
  • The Poorer Nations: A Possible History of the Global South
  • The Darker Nations: A People’s History of the Third World
  • Arab Spring, Libyan Winter
  • Uncle Swami: Being South Asian in America
Pronouncements:
  • caste system that is Aryan in origin,the Dalits or Untouchables.
  • . Early conversions are not by the sword but by the merchants .historian Romila Thapar’s superb book ‘Samantha: The Many Voices of a History’ (Penguin, 2005). …..
Career Summary:
  • Vijay Prashad is the George and Martha Kellner Chair in South Asian History and Professor of International Studies, at Trinity College in HartfordConnecticut.
  • Prashad is one of the founding fathers of the FOIL and is the author of several books regarding South Asia, and has often written articles and papers on US imperialism and capitalist hegemony and impacts of this across the world.
  • In case of India he has often supported Kancha Ilaiah who made his academic repute by tossing out ill-informed interpretations of Indian mythology, presenting them as ‘Aryan-Brahminical’ conspiracies against the down-trodden, while simultaneously claiming to be a follower of the rationalist Ambedkarite school of thought.
8. Meera Nanda

Books:
  • Breaking the Spell of Dharma and Other Essays
  • Prophets Facing Backward: Postmodern Critiques of Science and the Hindu Nationalism in India.
  • Postmodernism And Religious Fundamentalism: A Scientific Rebuttal To Hindu Science
  • The God Market
Pronouncements:
  • The roots of “Vedic science” can be traced to the so-called Bengal Renaissance, which in turn was deeply influenced by the Orientalist constructions of Vedic antiquity as the “Golden Age” of Hinduism. Heavily influenced by German idealism and British romanticism, important Orientalists including H.T. Colebrooke, Max Mueller and Paul Deussen tended to locate the central core of Hindu thought in the Vedas, the Upanishads and, above all, in the Advaita Vedanta tradition of Shankara. Despite the deeply anti-rational and idealistic (that is, anti-naturalistic) elements of Advaita Vedanta, key Hindu nationalist reformers – from Raja Ram Mohun Roy and Bankim Chandra Chatterjee to Swami Vivekananda – began to find in it all the elements of modernity. Vivekananda took the lead in propagating the view that the monism of Advaita Vedanta presaged the future culmination of all of modern science. Since modern science denied the role of any supernatural force outside nature, Vivekananda claimed that only Vedantic monism was truly scientific for it treated God as an aspect of nature and did not invoke any force external to nature…. (Prophets Facing Backward: Postmodern Critiques of Science and the Hindu Nationalism in India)
  •  The Hindutva literature is replete with glowing tributes to Hindu “renaissance”, which they claim to be similar to the European Renaissance that ushered in the modern age in the West. What they forget is that the Renaissance in the West re-discovered the humanistic and naturalistic sources of the Greek tradition that had been overshadowed by the Catholic Church – the Renaissance humanists rediscovered this-worldly philosophy of Aristotle and critical-realist Socrates over the other-worldly philosophy of Plato. The neo-Hindu “renaissance”, in contrast, re-discovered the most mystical and anti-humanistic elements of the Vedic inheritance – Advaita Vedanta – that had always overshadowed and silenced the naturalistic and scientific traditions in Hinduism and Buddhism. Neo-Hinduism is no renaissance, but a revival. There is no denying that the neo-Hindu “discovery” of modern science in ancient teachings of Vedas and Upanishads had a limited usefulness. Since they had convinced themselves that their religion was the mother of all sciences, conservative Hindus did not feel threatened by scientific education. As long as science could be treated as “just another name” for Vedic truths, they were even enthusiastic to learn it….. (Prophets Facing Backward: Postmodern Critiques of Science and the Hindu Nationalism in India)
  • Far from being considered the crown jewel of Hinduism, yogic asanas were in fact looked down upon by Hindu intellectuals and reformers—including the great Swami Vivekananda—as fit only for sorcerers, fakirs and jogis…. “Not as Old as You Think… …nor very Hindu either. There is telling evidence to debunk this nationalistic myth”, Open The Magazine, Online Edition,
Career Summary:
  • Meera Nanda is an Indian writer, historian and philosopher of science with a PhD from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. She was a John Templeton Foundation Fellow in Religion and Science (2005–2007).
  • From January 2009, she became a Fellow at the Jawaharlal Nehru Institute for Advanced Study, in the Jawaharlal Nehru University for research in Science, Post-Modernism and Culture besides being a visiting faculty of history and philosophy of science at Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali.
  • The bulk of her writings is a critique towards any attempt to study Hinduism in the light of science. Interestingly as she was associated with the John Templeton Foundation, she did praise the Protestant work ethic whereas the notion of Practical Vedanta is criticized.

Sunday, January 18, 2015

HIDDEN AGENDA OF INDIA'S NGO'S

INDIA'S NGO'S THEIR ACTIVITIES  AND WHO FUNDS THEM AND FOR WHAT PURPOSE.
BEWARE AMERICA HIDDEN AGENDA TO DESTABLISE THE WORLD AND ON BREAKING INDIA
USA  USA contributes USD 145 Billion every year to fund Christian Missionaries across the world for fraudulent conversions but "monitor and use media"  exposing  re-conversions as a deliberate NDA BJP policy ! USA get bias Indian TV to propagate their agenda UNDER THE BANNER "Freedom of Religion" means "Christian Freedom to Convert" according to their USCIRF Policy!

Churches across the world spend USD 1.1 Billion towards research aimed at achieving THEIR AIM 

They publish propaganda material in 300 languages about 180 topics. Books and articles are printed in 500 languages. They total 175,000. Every conversion costs USD 3,300. It does not mean that this amount reaches the Convert. 
It is the expense incurred in activities related to administration, planning and implementation of the conversion programme.
In 1500 A.D, there were 30 Lac active Christian Missionaries. Their number stands at 64.8 Crore today. 54% of these people are non-Whites. The strategy is to train selective non-Whites, and ex-other faiths and provide them with funds, housing and other expenses. Get them involve  in the specific task of selling and religious conversions. 

This is similar to the time when the British employed Indians as Soldiers to rule India!

THE NDA-BJP GOVERNMENT RECOGNIZES THIS DANGER TO INDIA'S PROGRESS, INTEGRITY AND APPOINT A COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE
" IMPACT OF NGO'S ON DEVELOPMENT PREPARED BY THE PREVIOUS UPA GOVERNMENT." THE INTEGRITY AND FEDERAL UNITY OF BHARAT IS AT STAKE.

NO NEWS TV CHANNEL HAS BROADCAST THIS OR HAD/HAVE A DEBATE ON THIS SUBJECT: WHY? 
ARE THEY FUNDED BY USA AND PROPAGATING USA AGENDA?

Background Note
 
Some months ago the present NDA government imposed certain restrictions on select NGOs on the basis of IB report entitled, Impact of NGOs on Development” prepared by the previous UPA 
Government listing certain NGOs like Green Peace for leading high-powered campaigns against key development projects in the country ostensibly at the behest of foreign powers hostile to India’s progress.

Subsequently, Ministry of Home Affairs sent notices to 21,493 NGOs registered under the FCRA (Foreign Exchange Regulation Act), 2010, for their failure to submit accounts as is mandatory under the law.

But as per the CBI report submitted to the Supreme Court, only 10% of 22 lakh plus NGOs in India submit their tax returns to the Government. So why were only 21493 NGOs selected for notices? (Reported in The Hindu, January 6, 2015).
 
On January 1 2015, the NDA government clamped down on four US funded groups—namely AVAAZ (New York), BIC (Washington), 350.org (New York) and Sierra Club (California). According to RBI, these NGOs were not registered with the Government of India.

The MHA has directed the RBI to freeze all foreign funding into the accounts of these NGOs.
 
Leading NGOs (NGOs) have dubbed this crackdown as political vendetta and accused the BJP of crushing political dissent in the country through these means.

It is unfortunate that the government has not clarified why the clamp down is restricted to select NGOs whereas numerous others working on similar or identical issues have been spare
 
Types and Varieties of NGOs
Broadly speaking, there are nine kinds of NGOs However their functions often overlap:
1.   Advocacy groups: These NGOs pick up select issues and causes –such as environment or the cause of specific social groups perceived to be disadvantaged—such as women, SCs, STs, religious minorities--for advocacy campaigns. ANHAD, MAJLIS, Lawyers Collective, Centre for Science and Environment, Voluntary Health Association of India, Citizens for Justice and Peace fall in this category.

2. Consultancy and Research organisations
 working on social, political and developmental issues such as Centre for Policy Research;
 
3. Training/ Capacity Building organisations: Such NGOs claim to help other
NGOs with capacity building programs of the staff of other NGOs;
 
 4. Networking organisations: They provide supportive platforms for other NGOs in specific fields. AVARD, VANI and NAWO are examples of this type;
  
 5. Service Providers:  Secular NGOs involved in providing services to neglected populations by setting up schools, health centers, hospitals and undertaking rural development work. They directly work with select communities, both in rural and urban areas. Anna Hazare’s Hind Swaraj Trust, SEARCH founded by Drs. Abhay and Rani Bang are good examples.
 
 6. National organisations: They operate at a national scale for specific vulnerable groups or causes as for example CRY, Help Age India, Concern India, etc.;
 
 7. Religious NGOs: These include organizations setup by various denominational groups of various faiths – Hindu, Muslim, Christian, etc. They may also be involved in servicing communities and undertaking development work in villages or urban slums. Many of them are aggressively pursuing proselytization backed by the enormous financial resources and political backing they get from foreign agencies. World Vision is a good example of such an NGO;
 
8.  NGOs working for law and policy reform such as Lawyers Collective, PILSARC, Human Rights Law Network, Centre for Science and Environment;
 
9. International Mother NGOs: These are recipients of funds as well as givers. They have a work focus but instead of implementing projects they identify projects and monitor, evaluate and build capacities of other participating NGOs. CARE and Oxfam are examples of such mother NGOs.
 
However, these categories are not mutually exclusive. In fact, many NGOs are active in multiple domains. 
 
Government Charges against NGOs
On the one hand, NGOs have come to acquire unprecedented influence and clout over policy and law making by the Government of India as well as defining political agendas and terms of public discourse in our country. They have been included in decision-making bodies of various ministries and key government departments.
 
On the other hand, the Government of India claims to have accumulated massive evidence of malpractices by foreign-funded NGOs. The charges include:
Ø  Misappropriation of funds, corruption scams, lack of transparency and accountabilityCBI analysis of 22 lakh NGOs across the country showed that of the 22,39,971 NGOs functioning in 20 States, only 10% (about 2,23,428) submitted annual returns. In six of the Union Territories, of the 5,684 NGOs, only 50 filed their balance sheets. In the Northeast, none of the NGOs in Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Tripura file returns. ( as reported in The Hindu, January 6, 2015)
Ø  Indulging in political activity, including interference in electoral politics, in violation of one of the core conditions of FCRA rules and regulations, which specifically prohibit NGOs from engaging in politics.
Ø  Interventions in economic policies allegedly at the behest of foreign agencies causing enormous damage to India’s growth potential;
Ø  Endangering geopolitical security of India, including support to secessionist movements; Many NGOs claiming to be involved in “human rights”, “social studies and empowerment”, “rural development” are alleged to be fronts for India-based or foreign-supported extremist political organisations with socially disruptive agendas.
Ø  Damaging the delicate social fabric of India by indulging in proselytisation activities.

Our Conference will debate the following issues:
1)    Are NGOs being targeted arbitrarily and maliciously or is there concrete evidence of malafide actions by the NGOs put under government scanner or those whose funds have been frozen?
2)    Is foreign funding of NGOs desirable and necessary? Or is it due to lack of other options?
3)    Does government funding of NGOs leave them easy targets of political manipulations? Can organisations call themselves “Non Government” if they are dependent on government funding?
4)    Are NGOs dependent on government and foreign funding because none is available within India? What other sources of funding can be made available to NGOs?
5)    How satisfactory are the existing accountability mechanisms for NGOs?  Is there need for better mechanisms to ensure that NGOs function in a transparent manner?
6)    Need for a coherent, rational and transparent policy towards NGOs and ways to arrive at it.

Monday, November 3, 2014

What is Sharia in Islam

What is Sharia law?

The term “Sharia” (Arabic 
شريعة Šarīʿa; “way” or “path”) is the sacred law of Islam. Sharia law literally means religious code of life. It is used to refer both to the Islamic system of law and the totality of the Islamic way of life. Sharia guides all aspects of Muslim life including politics, daily routines, foods, clothing, amusements, sports, familial and religious obligations, and financial dealings. Traditional Muslims (all mullahs, Mawlanas, Muftis, and Islamic scholars) who understand the Quran and the Hadith believe that sharia (Islamic law) expresses the highest and best goals for all societies on Earth. It is the “law of Allah” and bound to be the best of all. Because of this ardent belief, devout and fanatical Muslims all over the world are in constant struggle (Jihad) with their ruling Government to establish “Islamic Sharia” as the country’s only rule by replacing modern secular democracy (Laws made by human).

Sharia and its origin and sources:
The “sharia law” in all the four Madhabs are esentially the same. The principal sources of Sharia are: the Quran, Hadiths, and Sunnah—(the sayings, practices, and teachings of the Prophet Mohammed). The secondary sources are: Ijma (consensus), Kiyas (analogy), Ijtihad (responsible individual opinion), and Istihsan (Juristic references).

There are four main schools of Sharia law:
Hanbali: This is the most conservative school of Shari’a. It is used in Saudi Arabia and some states in Northern Nigeria. Maliki: This is based on the practices of the people of Medina during Muhammad’s lifetime. Shafi’i: This is a conservative school that emphasizes on the opinions of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad. Hanifi: This is the most liberal school, and is relatively open to some limited modern ideas.

Brief History of Sharia compilations:
Muslims consider that, Sharia law was founded on the words of Allah as revealed in the Qur’an, and traditions gathered from the life of the Prophet Muhammad. Sharia continued to undergo fundamental changes, beginning with the reigns of caliphs Abu Bakr (632–34) and Umar (634–44), during which time many questions were brought to the attention of Muhammad’s closest comrades for consultation.[60] Therefore, Quran and Sunnah were the principle guidance to formulate the core issues of “Islamic Sharia”.
Although, “Sharia law” principally derived from the emulations of early Islamic rules by
Prophet Muhammad and his four rightly guided Caliphs
, but written format (except some hand-written notes) was not available during the early period of Islamic Caliphates. However, hand-written Sharia formulation was started right from the time of Prophet and continued thereafter during four rightly-guided Caliphs, Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphs until the time of Ottoman Empire. Sharia developed during the long period of: 750-850 CE. Actual Hand-written “Sharia booklets” were formed and compiled by four schools of Islamic scholars and were used by various caliphs as the constitution of the court and final version of the Sharia was compiled after 150 years of the death of Prophet Muhammad in 632 CE. Modern-day Saudi Courts use most conservative Sharia formulated by Imam Hanbali (Hanibali booklet) and Imam Jafri booklet is used in Iran.(Al-Cistani is the guru of Shiite jurisprudence). Actual paper-backed Islamic Sharia books were prepared during 17th Century King Auwrangazev (Alamgir) of Mugal Empire in India.
Some common laws of “Islamic Sharia” which are regularly practiced in the Islamically ruled (Sharia-based) nations with some minor variations:
1- Jihad defined as “to war against all non-Muslims to establish the religion” is the duty of every Muslim and Muslim head of state (Caliph). Muslim Caliphs who refuse jihad are in violation of Sharia and unfit to rule.
2-  A Caliph can hold office through seizure of power meaning through force.
3- The head of an Islamic State (Caliph) cannot be charged, let alone be punished for serious crimes such as murder, adultery, robbery, theft, drinking and in some cases of rape (Hudood cases) – Codified Islamic Law Vol 3 # 914C of and page 188 of Hedaya the Hanafi manual.
4- A percentage of Zakat (alms) must go towards jihad.
5-  It is obligatory to obey the commands of the Caliph, even if he is unjust.
6-  A caliph must be a Muslim, a non-slave and a male.
7-  The Muslim public must remove the Caliph in one case, if he rejects Islam.
8-  A Muslim who leaves Islam (apostate) must be killed immediately.
9-  A Muslim will be forgiven for murder of : a) an apostasy b) an adulterer c) a highway robber. Making vigilante street justice and honor killing acceptable.
10-  A Muslim will not get the death penalty if he kills a non-Muslim.
11- Sharia never abolished slavery and sexual slavery and highly regulates it. A master will not be punished for killing his slave. Slavery still exists amongst Arab Muslims.
12-  Sharia dictates death by stoning, beheading, for sins like killing, adultery, prostitutions; and other Quranic corporal punishments like: amputation of limbs (chopping hands and feet), floggings, beatings and other forms of cruel and unusual punishments even for the sins like: stealing, sexual promiscuity, robbery, burglary etc.
13- Non-Muslims are not equal to Muslims and must comply to Sharia (pay Zizzya: poll tax) if they are to remain safe. They are forbidden to marry Muslim women, publicly display wine or pork, recite their own religious scriptures, or openly celebrate their religious holidays or funerals. They are forbidden from building new churches or building them higher than mosques. They may not enter a mosque without permission. A non-Muslim is no longer protected if he commits adultery with a Muslim woman or if he leads a Muslim away from Islam.
14-  It is a crime for a non-Muslim to sell weapons to someone who will use them against Muslims. Non-Muslims cannot curse a Muslim, say anything derogatory about Allah, the Prophet, or Islam, or expose the weak points of Muslims. However, Muslims can curse, criticize or say anything derogatory they like to the religions of others.
15-  A non-Muslim cannot inherit from a Muslim.
16-  Banks must be Sharia compliant and interest is not allowed.
17-  No testimony in court is acceptable from people of low-level jobs, such as street sweepers or a bathhouse attendant. Women in such low level jobs such as professional funeral mourners cannot keep custody of their children in case of divorce.
18-  A non-Muslim cannot rule even over a non-Muslims minority.
19-  Homosexuality is punishable by death.
20-  There is no age limit for marriage of girls under Sharia. The marriage contract can take place anytime after birth and consummated at age 8 or 9.
21- Rebelliousness on the part of the wife nullifies the husband’s obligation to support her, gives him permission to beat her and keep her from leaving the home.
22- Divorce is only in the hands of the husband and is as easy as saying: “I divorce you” and becomes effective even if the husband did not intend it.
23- There is no common property between husband and wife and the husband’s property does not automatically go to the wife after his death.
24- A woman inherits half what a man inherits. Sister gets half of what brother gets.
25- A man has the right to have up to 4 wives and wife has no right to divorce him even if he is polygamous.
26- The dowry is given in exchange for the woman’s sexual organs.
27- A man is allowed to have sex with slave women and also with women captured in battle (concubines), and if the enslaved woman is married her marriage is annulled.
28- The testimony of a woman in court is half the value of a man; that is, two women equal to one man.
29- A woman loses custody if she remarries.
30- A rapist may only be required to pay the bride-money (dowry) without marrying the rape victim.
31- A Muslim woman must cover every inch of her body which is considered “Awrah,” a sexual organ. Some schools of Sharia allow the face and some don’t.
32- A Muslim man is forgiven if he kills his wife caught in the act of adultery. However, the opposite is not true for women since he “could be married to the woman he was caught with.”
33-It is obligatory for a Muslim to lie if the purpose is obligatory and is known as Taqiyya (Islamic Deception). That means that for the sake of abiding with Islam’s commandments, such as jihad, a Muslim is obliged to lie and should not have any feelings of guilt or shame associated with this kind of lying.
The above are clear-cut laws in Islam decided by great Imams after years of examination and interpretation of the Quran, Hadith and Mohammed’s life.
34. The perpetrators of genocide, mass rape and plunder will not be punished if they repent – Codified Islamic Law Vol 1 # 13.
35. To prove rape, a woman must have 4 male witnesses. Women’s testimony is not accepted – Pakistan’s Hudood ordnance 7 of 1979 amended by 8B of 1980. Thousands of raped women and girls in many countries have been charged with Zena (physical relations outside marriage) and punished by Sharia courts for want of witnesses.
36. All modern music including sexually explicit music of any kind is strictly prohibited and punishable by Islamic Sharia code of justice. Only Islamic songs are allowed.
The above are the most important parts of Islamic Sharia law which were devoutly practiced by the early Islamic rulers (Holy Prophet and his four rightly guided Caliphs) and also by the Caliphs of Ummyad and Abbasid Dynasties ruled from Baghdad (Today’s Iraq) and later by Ottoman Empire with very little variations.
Islamic Taqiyya vs. Reality of Islamic Sharia!
Caution! Islam permits devout Muslims to lie, cheat, and deliberately bluff non-muslims to protect or promote his religion of Islam, anytime, anywhere. And this tactic is know as “Islamic Taqiyya” (read: Islamic deception), and was originally used by the Prophet of Islam to fool, and later subjugate and destroy enemies of Islam. As Prophet of Islam repeatedly asserted: “War is a deception” and with this holy-tactic, Prophet of Islam established his most intolerant religion of violence (by 80 plus bloody battles) which he later named as: “religion of peace”! Therefore, today’s Islamists will follow the holy path of their Prophet and will deny that—Sharia is really Islamic law! They will try to cheat by saying that, all these Sharia laws that are practiced in Saudi Arabia, Iran, Sudan, and elsewhere are not true Islamic, and they have been distorted. They also will try to fool people by saying: Saudi Arabia is ruled by King (Monarch) and Islam does not permit Kingship etc. But, their dishonest assertion is furthest from the truth. Ancient Caliphs of Islam were nothing but the kings of ancient Islamic nations having supreme despotic and dictatorial authoritative rulers. In fact, ancient Islamic caliphs were more despotic and brutal rulers than the present day Saudi King.
No one should be fooled to believing that these harsh and draconian laws were invented out of any wishful imagination of the so called “Islamic radicals/extremists” who came long after Muhammad. Actually, these harsh and barbarically cruelest laws came directly from the founder of Islam in his Quran and in his example in the hadith. Almost 98% of the above samples of Sharia justice can be traced-backed to Quran and Sunnah positively. In fact, Prophet Muhammad himself actually practiced them and deliberately laid down these corporal punishments and policies to rule the ancient Islamic Caliphate. Modern Kings and Presidents of today’s Islamic nations are doing exactly the same to emulate Islamic Prophet and those ancient rightly guided Caliphs. Honorable readers can peruse the article in the reference # 8 to learn more about Islamic Taqiyya.
Some Quranic verses and Hadiths which can be directly attributed for draconian sharia justice:
Readers can check following Quranic verses to understand the sources of the corporal punishments as per Sharia Justice:[Quranic Verses: 4:34, 4:15-16, 24:2. 5:38, 5:45, 5:33, 98:6, 9:111, 9:29, 3:85, 4:89 , 3:90, 4:11-12, 4:176, 8:1, 43:18, 33:61, 4:16-20, 2:282, 2:230, 4:3, 4:11-12, 9:28, 2:96, 9:30, 3:28, 16:106-107, 2:223, 8:12-14, 8:65, 47:4, 9:39, 2:96, 9:30, 2:191, 2:216, 48:20, 5:33, 9:73, 3:85, 9:113, 9:80-84, 33:21].For space limitations, it is not possible to cite exact physical verses here; but readers can open the Quran and verify the verse numbers I have provided above only to discover that—these verses are the nucleus from which most of the above corporal punishments and practices of Sharia law have been originated. Please mind that, the verse #s I have cited here are only some examples and never exhaustive of the list. Quran is replete with harsh cruel belligerent verses for unbelievers and violators of Islamic Sharia law which very well be the real sources of Sharia justice. .
Hadith for corporal punishments of unbelievers and for sex offenders in Islam and who wedged war with Allah and Prophet (Samples only):

Hadith for stoning death: [Bukhari sahrif-vol.8, book-82, No. 817; or, Bukhari: Volume 7, Book 63, Number 196; Also please see hadiths No. 803 to 816 of the same book and volume of Bukhari.] Also please peruse myriads of sahih hadiths for punishments to unbelievers, sex offenders, and all kaffirs by clicking to the URL below:
Please read here some fatwas against Islamic apostates by the most famous Islamic scholar Mawlana Sayyid Abul Ala Mawdudi by clicking here:
Government under God and Blasphemy!
In those Muslim countries where “Islamic Sharia” is the official constitution, Quran and Sunnah—(the sayings, practices, and teachings of the Prophet Mohammed) are declared to be the sources of the country’s laws. Hence, modern democracy is immediately vanished from the land. Non-muslims are considered second class citizens with very limited rights. Most importantly, citizens in general have no right to criticize anything done by their Government because the rulers only practice God’s law and it is blasphemous to criticize God’s law and thereby it is strictly prohibited, and punishable by imprisonment or even death. Moreover, God’s laws are immutable hence can never be altered or amended by any means. That is why all those strict Sharia-based nations can be taken as the true examples of ancient Islamic nations ruled by Islamic caliphates.
Sharia law has been adopted in various forms by many countries, ranging from a strict interpretation in Saudi Arabia, Iran, and northern states of Nigeria, Sudan, al-Qaeda occupied Somalia, to a relatively liberal interpretation in much of Malaysia, Pakistan, Bahrain, Yemen and United Arab Emirates. In those strictly followed Sharia nations such as Saudi Arabia—women are not allowed to drive, can not go out of home alone, remain under the guardianship of male relatives at all times, and must be completely covered in public. For long, women education was totally banned in Saudi Arabia, Iran, and many other Islamic nations.
Sharia in general are heavily misogynistic and anti-minorities. Women and minorities are the prime victims of Islamic Sharia-based nations. Women and all non-muslims live as the second class citizens in their own country. Rape cases are almost impossible to prove in the court of Islamic nations. It is quite ridiculous to consider that any rapist will do the crime in front of 4 males to observe and enjoy the scene (sexual orgy) so that they can later give testimony in the court! Therefore, it is highly impossible to prove rape case in the court and rape victims in Islamic nations end up being charged with Zena (physical relations outside marriage) and punished (floggings or stoning death) by Sharia courts for want of witnesses. Very recently, Aisha Ibrahim Duhulow, a gang raped 13 years old girl was stoned to death on the orders of a Sharia court in the “Sharia Compliant” country named Somalia. 
Family matters such as marriage and divorce are the most significant aspects of sharia law practiced in most Muslim nations. Even in the democratically ruled Muslim nations such as Bangladesh, Pakistan, Indonesia, Turkey etc, family matters (inheritance, marriage, divorce, and child custody etc) are governed by Sahrai law, still today.
Draconian and barbaric corporal punishments of Hudood law:
In all Sharia-based nations—criminal laws are practiced only by Sharia-justice. Quranic corporal punishments are known as “Hudood laws”. There are five “Hudood” crimes: unlawful sexual intercourse (sex outside of marriage and adultery), false accusation of unlawful sexual intercourse, wine drinking (sometimes extended to include all alcohol drinking), theft, and highway robbery. Punishments for “Hudood” offenses are—flogging, stoning death, beheading, amputation, exile, or execution are routinely practiced in Saudi Arabia and Iran. Honor killings, murders committed in retaliation for bringing dishonor on one’s family, are a worldwide problem among the Muslims only. UN estimates thousands of women are killed annually in the name of family honor (National Geographic). Other practices that are woven into the sharia debate, such as female genital mutilation, child-marriages, polygamy, and gender-inequality.
Draconian system of Blood Money!
Islamic Quran (from which Sharia was derived) copied (Plagiarized) draconian code of law from the ancient king Hammurabi King of Babylonia, Mesopotamia (2900 B.C). King Hammarubi’s revenge/compensation for killing was: “life for life, hand for hand, eye for eye, ears for ears, tooth for tooth and wounds equal for equal”, and the Islamic Allah’s Guidance of compensation in Qur’anic Ayat: 5:45 (Translation byYousuf Ali): “life for life, hand for hand, eye for eye, ear for ear, tooth for tooth and wounds equal for equal.” It was from this compensatory concept, the “blood money” was established in Sharia law. This draconian compensatory justice system is still practiced in Saudi Arabia (details were published in Wall Street Journal, April 9, 2002). Under this system, if a person has been killed or caused to die by another, the latter has to pay “blood money” or compensation, as follows:
100,000 riyals if the victim is a Muslim man
50,000 riyals if a Muslim woman
50,000 riyals if a Christian man
25,000 riyals if a Christian woman
6,666 riyals if a Hindu (or idolater) man
3,333 riyals if a Hindu (or idolater) woman
That is, a Muslim man’s life is worth 33 times that of a Hindu woman!
Islam is utterly the most supremacist and racist religion on Earth!
Devout Muslims do believe that, Islam is the only true religion and all other religions are false and not accepted by the Allah. Therefore, Muslims are the superior human than any other humans on earth. According to Islamic Sharia and Koranic teachings—Christians, Jewish, and all other un-believers (Hindus idolaters etc are the worst) are less humans than Muslims and their rights are not the same as the rights of Muslims. This is the very reason why pure Muslims earnestly believe that—it is the most sacred duty of the Muslims to correct, convert, or killed all non-Muslims/infidels/kaffirs to purify this earth which belongs to only Allah. To this end—Islamic Brother-hood, Hamas, Hizbullah, CAIR, and many other Islamic organizations are doing Taqiyya business, and Talibans and al-Qaeda jihadis are engaged in holy business of armed struggle (Jihad) against all kaffirs of the world in general and against American infidels in particular. For readers who want to see a comparison of Sharia Law with the provisions of the U.S. Constitution, go to:
Conclusion:
Muslims consider that Islamic Sharia is the “Law of Allah (God)” which is considered divine and immutable and can never be changed or amended by any means! Hence, Islamic Sharia is still clinging to the ancient 7th century barbaric justice system. Because of this fact, almost anywhere this “Islamic Sharia” is being established as the country’s ruling constitution, world can immediately witness exact face of despotic, barbarian, and totalitarian Islamic rule to all of the Islamic nations. Imposed “Sharia law” immediately becomes the true nightmare for the general public.
In the modern world—all the Islamically (Sharia-based) ruled nations such as Saudi Arabia, Iran, Talibani Afghanistan, Sudan, Northern part of Nigeria, Somalia, Yemen, and some other Arab nations are practicing the same Sharia law (mentioned above) with some minor variations country to country, but basics are the same—they all are ruling their nation by Allah’s law. Also, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and some other Arab nations like Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi, Arab Emirate etc are practicing Sharia in variable status country to country. But, main preambles of Sharia law and their sources remain the same. Therefore, all those false claims by most Muslim scholars and Islamic apologists are plain lies and cheating (practicing Islamic Taqiyya) about the ugly face of Sharia-based modern nations such as Saudi Arabia, Iran, Sudan or Somalia. All these hypocritical western-living Islamic apologists are hell-bent to destroy western civilization from within. Gullible westerners and politically Correct western politicians should never be fooled by the utter deceptions and lies routinely and deliberately spewed by all the western-living Islamists.

References:
1. Saudi Arabia’s constitution: http://www.servat.unibe.ch/icl/sa00000_.html
2.Book titled: “Cruel and Usual Punishment; the terrifying global implications of Islamic Sharia law” by Nonie Darwish .
3. Books for Sharia laws: Reliance of the Traveller, Sharia the Islamic Laws, Hedaya, and Malik’s Muwatta.
4. Book: “Stop Islamic Sharia Law”: Hasan Mahmud (Director of Sharia law and former president of Muslim Canadian Congress).
5. Islam Sharia Law: A brief introduction: http://www.religioustolerance.org/islsharia.htm
6. Islam: Governing Under Sharia (aka shariah, shari’a): By Toni Jonson
Senior staff writer, Lauren Vriens (Updated: November 10, 2010).
http://www.cfr.org/publication/8034/islam.html
7. Sharia: Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharia